History of Georgian wine

Cradle of wine Making

In Tbilisi’s State Museum there is an 18th century BC silver funeral mug, elaborately embossed: on it you see a procession of deer, and a procession of men disguised as foxes, each bearing a cup, all testifying to the wine fertility-cults which flourished in Georgia in antiquity. Indeed, Georgians are now thought by archaeologists to have been the first people in the world to discover how wild grape juice turned into wine when it was left buried throughout the winter in a shallow pit: carbon-dating of grape-pips has shown that they were making wine as long ago as 7000-5000 BC – a tradition which has continued unbroken ever since. Farmers still store wine in giant cone-shaped clay jars, buried in earth and topped with a wooden lid, as they did 4000 years ago. Some linguists believe the word ‘wine’ itself comes from the Georgian word ‘gvino’.

History of Georgian wine

In the Soviet Union Era Georgian wines were unheard of in Western Europe. In communist times Georgia was ruled by Russia and its wines production was controlled centrally. After the collapse of communism in the late 80s Georgia continued to supply Russia and former republics with wine. In 2006 Russia placed an embargo on Georgian wines thus providing the Georgian with an incentive to try and find new markets for their wines.

Projects by the EBCR FOA and USAID have turned round the Georgian Wine Industry.

Overseas development aid and loans from the European bank of Construction and Redevelopment have allowed the Georgian wine makers to invest heavily in new technology and employ European wine makers and label designs to bring their wines .